Items to consider for carpet materials:
1- Carpet comes in mainly two types of materials, synthetic and natural.
- a) synthetic fibers (usually 100% polyester)
- b) natural fibers (our example is cotton, many carpets are made from wool)
- c) blended materials (over the years blends of synthetics and wools have become very popular)
2- Synthetic fibers are mainly if not 100% polyester and is just about the easiest material to get a stain or spill removed from. However, polyester can break down pretty quickly if not maintained properly and often enough. This material will not shrink.
3- Natural fibers have a different feel or “hand” and feel great on the feet. There is also a noticeable quality difference and a noticeably different financial commitment when purchasing these types of carpeting. Natural fibers typically wear very well as long they are properly cleaned and maintained. I once saw wool carpet that was 50 years old and still looked pretty good! One huge property that attracts people to wool carpeting is that it is naturally stain resistant as well. Natural fibers are very prone to shrinkage due to water, heat, humidity & time.
4- Carpet structure plays an important role in diagnosing how to properly clean carpet as well. Typically there are 3 types of common construction for carpet: cut pile, loop pile, or woven carpets. Most people think of oriental rugs as a woven carpet and that is correct.
Images: Chets Cleaning
Cut pile & loop pile are individual strands of carpet that are glued to a backing with very strong adhesive. If a carpet is made of a natural fiber like wool and is bonded to a backing it really helps decrease the chances of shrinkage over time and from cleaning because the backing is made of a synthetic material.
Items to consider for cleaning types, wet cleaning vs. dry cleaning:
1-Wet cleaning is the most environmentally friendly way to clean something. The basic premise is we are going to use a water-based cleaning solution that is activated by water and of course heat, agitation and time just like in our cleaning pie. Wet cleaning is usually the best way to get something clean because you can also rinse it to remove all cleaning solutions and dirt. Although a lot of fibers and materials don’t do great with becoming wet.
2- Dry cleaning actually is not dry at all; it just doesn’t use water in the process. The basic premise is we are going to use a solvent based cleaning solution instead of a water based one. Clothes taken to the drycleaner are still put in a washer and submerged in a liquid it just uses a solvent based detergent instead of a water based one. This will prevent shrinkage in almost every material and will help remove stains that are solvent based or stains that water doesn’t do very well with. Of course the main advantage is no shrinkage to our expensive garments and household items that may require dry cleaning.